intellectual disability in the philippines

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noiembrie 26, 2016

doi:10.5463/DCID.v24i3.174. Andrich D. A Rating formulation for ordered response categories. 265-274. For each participant identified to have disability, an age- (with an accepted difference of 2 years) and sex-matched control who did not have disability from the same segment was invited to complete all sections of the questionnaire. This study did not include children because the focus of W-DARE is adults and particularly women. Correspondence to Multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses were undertaken to identify differences in quality of life and access to the community between cases and controls. In Quezon City, a total of 2,610 people were enumerated, of whom 2,139 (82.0 %) participated in the survey and 471 (18.0 %) were either unavailable or declined to participate in the study. We would like to particularly thank Sally Baker for her support with training of the fieldwork team; Mona Pindog, Raquel Ignacio, and Judith Marbella and data collectors who undertook fieldwork in often difficult conditions in some of the communities; and the data entry staff and translators of the questionnaires. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. 2013;41:1–18. Intellectual disability is identified by problems in both intellectual and adaptive functioning. 2011;11 Suppl 4:S4. Prevalence of functional limitations in Quezon City and Ligao City. World Bank. People with disabilities also experienced statistically significant participation restrictions in social activities, community meetings, and religious activities compared to matched controls. Information on barriers to accessing the community was also collected. A population-based survey was undertaken in District 2 of Quezon City and in Ligao City. Having a disability and negative family attitudes were reported as barriers for people with disabilities participating in work, community meetings, religious activities, and social activities. This qualitative study investigated the use of folk medicine by families for people with intellectual disability in the Philippines. Findings are relevant to government and other national agencies seeking to support universal access to a range of services, and more specifically, to respond to the needs of people with disabilities in the Philippines. This study provides reliable estimates of prevalence of disability, including measures of psychosocial distress and well-being, and allows for the understanding of the barriers to participation in community life experienced by people with disabilities in both areas. Persons with Disability in the Philippines (Results from the 2010 Census). This RAD survey has estimated the prevalence of disability at 6.8 (95 % CI: 5.9, 7.9) in Quezon City and 13.6 % (95 % CI: 11.4, 16.2) in Ligao City. Google Scholar. For ease of interpretation the scores were rescaled to range from 0 to 100, where a high score represented better well-being. Consistent with other surveys [1, 3, 5, 20], this study also found the prevalence of disability is associated with increasing age and lack of schooling. Philippines Statistics Authority. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. The recognition of PWDs is stated in the 1987 Philippine Constitution. Under RA 10524, Persons with Disability (PWDs) refer to individuals who suffer long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which, upon interaction with various barriers, may hinder their full and effective participation in … PubMed Google Scholar. One segment from each cluster was randomly selected by drawing lots. These prevalence estimates are different from those derived from the 2010 Census of Population and Housing and the World Report on Disability because of differences in the methods used for measuring disability. Questionnaires were translated into Tagalog and then translated back into English. The difference was statistically significant for accessing health, work, rehabilitation, education, government social welfare, and disaster management between cases and controls. statement and We use cookies to improve your website experience. However, socioeconomic factors associated with disability and the level of access to services and participation in the community compared to people without disability were not studied. They were also cognitively tested on a convenience sample of 14 participants with different disabilities to ensure a range of respondents understood the questions as intended and that their responses accurately reflected what was being asked. The response categories are ‘none,’ ‘some of the time,’ ‘most of the time,’ and ‘all of the time.’ The respondents who answered they had difficulty most or all of the time to at least one item from the first seven domains or at least two items from the psychological distress domain were identified as having disability [15]. Such The resulting measures showed adequate psychometric properties and therefore the Rasch scores were used in subsequent analyses. Non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes are on the rise and are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in the Philippines [9]. These findings are consistent with other surveys [1, 25, 26]. The households were then divided into quintiles, with the first quintile representing the poorest in the sample, and the fifth quintile representing the wealthiest. The authors highlighted that despite having several policies and laws to protect their rights, people with disabilities often faced discrimination in educational and employment settings, and experienced barriers to social participation and access to health and rehabilitation services [12]. 2015;16(4):1–31. Geneva: United Nations; 2006. This study examined whether FMS components (locomotor, object control) … RIGHT TO VOTE "…The Congress shall also design a procedure for the disabled and the illiterates to vote without the assistance of other persons. People with and without disability were recruited as data collectors and were trained for a week on disability inclusion, study design, recruitment of participants, administration of the RAD questionnaire, ethics in research, collecting survey data, data storage, and referral mechanisms for participants. Some of the laws concerning PWDs include Republic Act No 7277 (Magna Carta for Disabled Persons), Bata… J Int Dev. Findings revealed that (a) the girls experienced adaptive difficulties that were confounded by their … https://doi.org/10.1186/s12963-016-0096-y, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12963-016-0096-y. A sample size of 3,010 was required to estimate disability prevalence with 95 % confidence level, 20 sampling error, a design effect of 1.5, a non-response rate of 10, and a conservative estimate of prevalence of disability at 5 %. There are a number of common characteristics that may have a significant impact on an individual’s learning, including: 1. difficulty understanding new information 2. difficulties with communication and social skills 3. slow cognitive processing time 4. difficulty in the sequential processing of information 5. difficulties comprehending abstract concepts. For participants who were not literate, the consent form was read to them and their verbal agreement was recorded by the interviewer in front of a witness. We are grateful to all participants and the entire W-DARE team for their contribution to the study. 2015;15(1):984. We anticipate that, in the context of the Philippines, most people working outside the home would not have moderate or severe disability. PubMed Central  Students with autism, developmental delays, intellectual disabilities, and emotional disturbances each accounted for between 5 and 11 percent of students served under IDEA. Laws in the Philippines support access by persons with disabilities (PWDs) to many of the elements necessary to succeed in life, including employment, education, infrastructure, and rights in court. Disabil Rehabil. The recorded figure of persons with disability (PWD) in the 2000 CPH was 935,551 persons, which was 1.23 percent of the household population. Article  The World Report on Disability estimated the prevalence using an aggregate score measured from 15 questions in eight domains (vision, mobility, cognition, self-care, pain, interpersonal relationships, sleep, energy, and effect) from the World Health Survey (WHS) data (2002–2004) [1]. Information on the level of participation and the impact of social and environmental factors on a person’s functioning are important for both the planning and monitoring of disability-inclusive policies and programs in the Philippines. In the case of a sample of 50 people aged 18 years and older not being reached in a segment, households from another randomly selected segment were recruited. 2015;15. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2202-7. Washington: International Food Policy Research Institute; 2005. The self-assessment of functioning section includes items related to functioning in eight domains: vision, hearing, communication, mobility, gross and fine motor, cognitive, appearance, and psychological distress. Similar to many lower- and middle-income countries, the population is young with a median age of 23.4 years, and highly urbanized with 45.3% of people now living in urban areas [7]. Privacy If primary healthcare tools and resources for people with intellectual disability that are developed in higher-income nations are to have the potential to be transferred into other settings, understanding of attitudes towards alternative medicine is needed. Chromosomal Disorders 2. Trani J-F, Browne J, Kett M, Bah O, Morlai T, Bailey N, et al. Although the RAD survey focused only on psychological distress related to anxiety and depression, findings from this survey highlight that a large proportion of people with other types of disability experience psychological distress. PubMed  However, the prevalence increased considerably in the 45 years and over age groups, where one in five people aged 45–54 years and one in four people aged 55 years and over had a disability. Disability was reported as a specific barrier by people with disabilities for participating in work, community meetings, and religious activities. 2014;14:1. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-900. Rasch analysis was used to derive person measures for the well-being section. It does, however, highlight the need to ensure health and rehabilitation services are available in rural areas, and have the capacity and systems in place to respond to the needs of older people who are more likely to have disability. However, Loeb and Trani reported that disability and poverty as estimated using household asset index were not associated in Afghanistan and Zambia possibly because the majority of families surveyed in the two countries were poor [25]. BMC Public Health. Field supervisors and data collectors were recruited based on their skills and previous experience. However, a study commissioned by Disability Rights Promotion International (DRPI) and the National Federation of Organizations of people with disabilities in the Philippines (Katipunan ng Maykapansanan sa Pilipinas, Inc., KAMPI) in 2008, found that a number of the rights of people with disabilities were regularly violated . (2000 National Statistics Office Census) Prevalence of Intellectual Disability 10. Inequality and Racism is considered as one of the most problem in the world because many people are doing some unpleasant things to other people because of its skin color, intellectual disability, gender, religion and belief. World Dev. Elwan A. All authors contributed to the writing of the manuscript’s final version. The difference in the disability prevalence between the two sites was therefore not unexpected. This paper outlines the quantitative findings from this survey that aimed to (1) determine the prevalence of disability and its socioeconomic correlates in people aged 18 years and above in District 2 of Quezon City and in Ligao City; and (2) compare well-being and participation of people with disabilities in their community to those without disability in the two locations. W-DARE: a three-year program of participatory action research to improve the sexual and reproductive health of women with disabilities in the Philippines. Disability is more prevalent among older respondents and those who had little or no education. A total of 265 people with disabilities (cases) were matched with 204 people without disability (controls) in both locations. Popul Health Metrics 14, 26 (2016). The prevalence of psychological distress alone (i.e., after excluding co-morbid functional limitations) was 0.9 (95 % CI: 0.5, 1.3) in Quezon City and 1.3 % (95 % CI: 0.6, 2.4) in Ligao City. People with disabilities were significantly less likely to have schooling compared to people without disability. Nations U. Our analysis highlights that psychological distress is common among people with disabilities. This included a cross-sectional household survey using the Rapid Assessment of Disability (RAD), in two districts of the Philippines. Object control skills influence the physical activity of children with intellectual disability in a developing country: The Philippines. BMC Public Health. 3099067 The major barriers reported under each domain were similar among people with and without disabilities (Table 5). Loeb and Trani argued that socioeconomic status measures based on asset ownership only consider one dimension of poverty and wealth, and recommended using multidimensional approaches to measuring poverty when considering access to basic services related to health, education, and employment [25]. The World Bank Economic Review. 1978;43:561–73. It explains the idea of a transition program in Philippine context, discusses the curriculum framework, and proposes a curriculum development model for creating a relevant and … This study has also generated considerable context-specific data, which the W-DARE project have used to inform the design of interventions to increase access to specific domains of community life for people with disabilities in Quezon City and Ligao City. The independent variables were age of respondent, sex, education level, and asset quintiles. Population Health Metrics Disability is also associated with lower well-being and reduced participation across a number of domains of community life. Ratified the Convention have agreed to pursue equality of people with disabilities based on Crossref citations.Articles with data. From Quezon City were comparatively younger, and asset quintiles using this website, you agree to our use folk. 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