when to use a hyphen

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Incorrect: The sign is five-and-one-half feet long. An often overlooked rule for hyphens: The adverb very and adverbs ending in ly are not hyphenated. There are three forms of dashes: em, en, and the double hyphen. Hyphenate all compound numbers from twenty-one through ninety-nine. For example, when writing about a specific range of years or pages. Compound words often change their styling over time, with many starting open, then being hyphenated, and finally settling into closed form. This is called a compound adjective. Hyphens are used in two ways: to split a word or to join words. Hyphens are shorter than dashes and are used to connect words. Example: Sir Winthrop Heinz-Eakins will attend. Some people join their surnames with a hyphen to create a new surname upon marriage. A hyphen (-) is a punctuation mark that is used to join words or to separate the syllables of a single word. More than one-third of registered voters oppose the measure. an off-campus apartment It connects two words into a compound word. Whether you’re combining numbers, parts of words, compound words, or multi-word phrases, the purpose of hyphenation is always to link separate ideas. Suffixes form new words or alter the original word to perform a different task. Em dashes, en dashes, and hyphens all have distinct differences and uses. Otherwise just use what 'looks right.' An en dash (–) is used when writing about a range of things that are related. How to use a semicolon. Rule 2a. However, these numbers don’t need a hyphen when they occur elsewhere: The ladder is six feet tall. Rule 3. Some exceptions: -style, -elect, -free, -based. Many writers forget the second hyphen: Without the second hyphen, the sentence is about an "old child.". If your compound connects one word to two, use an en dash (–) in place of a hyphen. The first thing to know when talking about dashes is that they are almost never required by the laws of grammar and punctuation. Instead, use the hyphen! For example: I have sent you a three-page summary. Hyphens are probably the most commonly used of the three levitating lines: Here’s what the Chicago Manual of S t yle Online has to say about hyphens: “The hyphen connects two things that are intimately related, usually words that function together as a single concept or work together as a joint modifier (e.g., tie-in, toll-free call, two-thirds).” Incorrect: I need to recover the bedroom furniture before they start painting. I am going to re-cover the sofa. Examples: Rule 1. They insert information into a sentence and introduce lists. A hyphen (-) is a punctuation mark that’s used to join words or parts of words. Prefixes expand or change a word's meaning, sometimes radically: the prefixes a, un, and dis, for example, change words into their opposites (e.g., political, apolitical; friendly, unfriendly; honor, dishonor). If two words create a single description, put a hyphen between them if the description comes before the word that it’s describing (no hyphen if the description follows the word it’s modifying). Although they look similar, dashes and hyphens are used very differently. Hyphenate prefixes when they come before proper nouns or proper adjectives. Examples: Correct: The sign is five and one-half feet long. You also don’t need to use a hyphen when one of the compound words ends in -ly; The book was readily available. I mean, when they use a hyphen when a longer dash is actually more appropriate. Hyphenate spelled-out numbers between 21 and 99 (twenty-one, ninety-nine). Use a hyphen between the suffix -elect and the root word. self-report; self-esteem; the test was self-paced; Exception: self psychology. Example: The slacker video-gamed his way through life. (We do not use a hyphen because re-does not mean again. Thanks to Library Lady Jane for all her help in writing these grammar guides over the years. Often, your word processing program may help you figure out when to use a hyphen. The stamps have been reissued. Hyphens showing word breaks. Note that when hyphens are involved in expressing ages, two hyphens are required. The hyphen makes concealed-weapons a compound adjective, so the reader knows that the writer meant a permit for concealed weapons. Overusing dashes can break up the flow of your writing, making it choppy or even difficult to follow, so don’t overdo it. ultra-ambitious But long dashes aren’t just show-offs. A handy rule, whether writing about years, months, or any other period of time, is to use hyphens unless the period of time (years, months, weeks, days) is written in plural form: With hyphens: A hyphen is also used to separate numbers. It connects two words into a compound word. Examples: The hyphen (-), the shortest, is used to join multiple words that function together as a single concept, a.k.a. When they come directly before a noun, they’re known as compound modifiers and usually have a hyphen, like “noise-canceling headphones.” Here are a few more examples: They had a long-term relationship. Correct: A five-and-one-half-foot-long sign. If you’re not sure whether a compound word has a hyphen or not, check your preferred dictionary. an ice-cream cone Second, there should not be spaces around hyphens. 4. It has three primary functions: to connect two words and make them into a compound, to separate parts of a word at the end of a line, and to separate a prefix or suffix from a root word. Moreover, different manuals of style have different rules for using hyphens. In most cases, use a hyphen when simply adding on a prefix. For hyphen use in compound nouns, compound adjectives, compound verbs and compound adverbs, see the respective blog articles. A hyphen is a punctuation mark with three main uses. A hyphen is frequently required when forming original compound verbs for vivid writing, humor, or special situations. is a letter or set of letters that follows a root word. Rule 4: Hyphens are also added to words that have a repetitive word structure or have rhyming syllables. Use a hyphen between a prefix and a proper noun, and when the prefix ends and the root word begins with the same vowel. The most common types of dashes are the en dash (–) and the em dash (—). Examples: Some examples of compound adjectives would be: 1. Use a hyphen to combine adjectives with nouns to create an adjective. The most feared punctuation on earth. This rule applies only to adverbs. Words that could be misunderstood. 1999–2016 capitalized: pro-Freudian; a number: post-1970; an abbreviation: pre-UCS trial; more than one word: non-achievement-oriented students; All "self-" compounds whether they are adjectives or nouns. place a hyphen where needed in the following sentences They are generally used when spelling out fractions in text. What is a hyphen? Writers using familiar compound verbs and nouns should consult a dictionary or look online to decide if these verbs and nouns should be hyphenated. Use a slash to show that two words share an interchangeable relationship; use a hyphen to join two words but keep their meanings separate. Dashes are used when you want to add parenthetical statements in your sentence. Hyphens are also used for compound numbers ranging from twenty-one to ninety-nine. Rule 2b. Examples: Do not hyphenate proper nouns of more than one word when they are used as compound adjectives. With that background information in mind, let’s take a look at some ways to put dashes to work in your writing. There have been a lot of break-ins in this neighborhood recently. Use a hyphen with the prefix re-when it stands for "again" and there is confusion with another word. 5. In the United States, the term hyphenated American refers to the use of a hyphen (in some styles of writing) between the name of an ethnicity and the word "American" in compound nouns, e.g., as in "Irish-American".It was an epithet used from 1890 to 1920 to disparage Americans who were of foreign birth or origin, and who displayed an allegiance to a foreign country through the use of the hyphen. Find out more in a Bitesize 2nd level English and literacy guide. Hyphens are shorter than dashes and are used to connect words. Italics? Hyphens are often used to tell the ages of people and things. Moreover, different manuals of style have different rules for using hyphens. If that’s the case, it will look like this; The nineteenth- and twentieth-centuries were politically turbulent. Rule 6. The following two examples are correct because the ly words are not adverbs: Correct: the friendly-looking dog Omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with repress. In traditional typography, a hyphen is half the length of a dash although in handwriting and often on computer keyboards they are the same size. If you don’t know what compound modifier is … 10 Simple Rules for Using Hyphen “-” (With Sample Sentences) Read More » Home Comics Games Books Blog Quizzes About Contact RSS. Rule 1. En dashes. 2. When to Use a Hyphen. Hyphenate fractions if all of the numbers are spelled out. Rule 9a. Guidance counselors can help with decision-making abou… Whether you’re combining numbers, parts of words, compound words, or multi-word phrases, the purpose of hyphenation is always to link separate ideas. trans-American Short dashes — technically, en dashes — aren’t as showy as their wider cousins, but they’re still useful. If you're unsure whether to use the two-word version or the hyphenated version, then opt for the hyphenated version. Use a hyphen to join words together to avoid ambiguity. These are of many types, and the best way to decide whether you need a hyphen is to consult a dictionary. Many people confuse this punctuation mark with the dash, but the two are quite different. The hyphen ‐ is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word. With no hyphen we get coworker, which could be distracting because it starts with cow. … My great-great-grandfather fought in the Civil War. Use a hyphen when the prefix ends in the same letter the word begins. Rule 4. Hyphens are not the same as dashes. The first time I saw you, I knew immediately that our love was heaven-sent. The Toyota Camry is one of the best-selling cars in the world. I must re-press the shirt. 4. They are used to make a connection between two words working as a unit, or when two words have a combined meaning The hyphen is the shortest of the three horizontal marks that may be used in the middle of a sentence. The slacker was a video gamer. Hyphenate all spelled-out fractions. You’ll use hyphens in a number of different circumstances, but the reason remains the same. Rule 3. Rule 6: A hyphen may be used between a prefix and a … The punctuation mark should not be confused with dashes (–, —), which are generally longer. However, other editors prefer hyphenating all compound modifiers, even those with low risk of ambiguity. When writing out numbers with fractions, hyphenate only the fractions unless the construction is a compound adjective. state-of-the-art design. For clarity, writers often hyphenate when the last letter in the root word is the same as the first letter in the suffix. However, some established compound adjectives are always hyphenated. For example, pro-British. Don't need hundreds of grammar, punctuation, and English usage quizzes all at once? Writers often hyphenate prefixes when they feel a word might be distracting or confusing without the hyphen. See more examples of prefixes in Table 1. We have a two-year-old. We have a two-year-old child. oil-based sludge. Part of the series: Education & Motivating Students. self-assured Dashes are used as punctuation in sentences. There are several cases in which hyphens are used, but each case has its own specific rules that you should be aware of. Professional Web Design by weblinxinc.com, Remembering Jane Straus | May 18, 1954—February 25, 2011. Here, small-town is used as an adjective even though it contains a noun (town). In the past, many words used hyphen but now they have become a single word. Rule 5. Hyphens are used to make reading a word easier, and sometimes words that started out as hyphenated will eventually become a single word. Remembering Jane Straus | May 18, 1954—February 25, 2011 | Author of the original Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation. Rule 11. Hyphens with Numbers . Don’t be! Do not hyphenate half brother or half sister. I changed my diet and became a no-meater. 300–325 people. It looks like you have JavaScript turned off. Rule 1. graffiti-ism IMPOSSIBLE AND TROUBLING IF YOU THINK ABOUT IT: "daddy/daughter dance" MORE ACCEPTABLE AND ANATOMICALLY WITHIN REASON: "daddy-daughter dance" The question to ask when deciding which to use is: do I mean… The en dash ( – ), a hyphen with a growth spurt, is used to represent the words “to” or “through” when specifying a range. For whether to hyphenate compound verbs and compound nouns (back-check but backstab; co-occurrence but cooperation; fundraising but fund-raiser), check the dictionary. A loose rule is to use a hyphen when modifying another word. one thousand two hundred twenty-one dollars. Hyphens - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary A: Ah, you’re referring to the three members of the “dash” family. I have re-covered the sofa twice. When writing out new, original, or unusual compound nouns, writers should hyphenate whenever doing so avoids confusion. On a Mac, hold down the Option key and type the minus sign located at the top of the keyboard. While most of our site should function with out, we recommend turning it back on for a better experience. Compound nouns featuring gerunds or participles are rarely hyphenated. Rule 4. For more information on using hyphens and other grammar and spelling tips, make sure you check out the OET Preparation Portal. My grandson and my granduncle never met. 3:15-3:45 p.m. No-meater is too confusing without the hyphen. The job is back breaking. Examples: If it appears before the word it modifies, include a hyphen. A compound adjective is two or more words that come before a noun and modify it as a single thought. Hyphens are shorter lines (-); they are most often used to show connections between words that are working as a unit (for example, you might see adjectives like “well-intentioned”) or to spell certain words (like “e-mail”). Confusing: She had a concealed weapons permit. Using a hyphen in a compound noun shows the words are the same grammatical entity, and it eliminates reading stutter or ambiguity. Answer. Here is why: Pre Gala Reception, is made up of a prefix, Pre, added to a noun, Gala, to form an adjective that modifies a noun, Reception. Those long straight lines draw your eye and hold your attention. a high-school senior 3. When to use a hyphen A hyphen is what appears when you just press the button next to the zero key. Hyphen usage is something to notice when you are reading. A hyphen is a bit of punctuation used to join together two (or more) different words. As an additional rule, there generally won’t be a space between hyphenated words unless you’re using a hanging hyphen. The document comprises 40 pages. In short, a hyphen links words together. More than a third of registered voters oppose the measure. re-elect. Use a hyphen with the prefix re- when omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with another word. Examples: For example:Don’t hyphenate two-word descriptions if the first word ends in -ly: Examples: A hyphen is also used to separate numbers. Double-check with a dictionary or online. A prefix (a, un, de, ab, sub, post, anti, etc.) Never hesitate to add a hyphen if it solves a possible problem. Sign up to receive the FREE weekly GrammarBook.com E-Newsletter. Use a hyphen with the prefix re when omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with another word. Using Hyphens . Quotation Marks. Non-hyphenated is an example of a hyphenated word. Hyphenate all words beginning with the prefixes self-, ex- (i.e., former), and all-. A good way to remember the difference between these two dashes is to visualize the en … Omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with recover. Uh oh! A handy rule, whether writing about years, months, or any other period of time, is to use hyphens unless the period of time (years, months, weeks, days) is written in plural form: With hyphens: We have a … Make note of words which are written with a hyphen and build up a list you can refer to for reference. Rule 2. With no hyphen, we can only guess: Was the weapons permit hidden from sight, or was it a permit for concealed weapons? Mayor-elect Smith No hyphens: The child is two years old. Compounds in which the base word is. Examples: A hyphen is also used to separate syllables of a word when there is a line break, though this was more prevalent when type was set by hand rather than electronically. It is usually used with a compound modifier when the modifier comes before the word it’s modifying. But do not hyphenate fractions introduced with a or an. If not, consult a dictionary. Random Popular Latest. Copyright by Jane Straus/GrammarBook.com. ex-mayor When you use two words together as a single thought describing or modifying a noun and you put them before the noun, you should hyphenate them. 3:15–3:45 p.m. thirty-two children Examples: Would love your thoughts, please comment. It’s not like a simple dash or something. Use a hyphen with a prefix to clarify a word. Dashes are used to separate groups of words, not to separate parts of words like a hyphen does. [ ] Brackets (US), Square Brackets (UK) […. Hyphens are shorter than dashes and are used to connect words. Use a Hyphen to Speed Up Reading If the one-word version exists, use it. The decision to use numerals instead of spelled-out numbers will depend on your preferred style guide.Like spelled-out numbers, hyphenate numerals with units of time that appear directly before the nouns they are describing. a compound word. Hyphens are used to make reading a word easier, and sometimes words that started out as hyphenated will eventually become a single word. More grammar comics from The Oatmeal. For example, That is due to small-town politics. Incorrect: the very-elegant watch Rule 8a. Hyphens can also be used to divide words that are not usually hyphenated. For example, email. The same rules apply when writing out fractions. Use a hyphen in a compound modifier when the modifier comes before the word it’s modifying. 1999-2016 Queen Victoria throne-sat for six decades. Learn how and when to use a hyphen (-) with useful punctuation rules and example sentences. The hyphen can be used in compound words, to link words to prefixes, and also as a way to show word breaks Compound adjectives are two or more words that together make an adjective. Also use hyphens for. Semi-, re, sub-, and ultra- are just some examples of prefixes that can be added to the beginning of a word to help qualify it. In the previous posts in this series (Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3), we discussed the general principles of hyphenation, as describe in much more detail on pages 97–100 of the Publication Manual.General Principle 1 (from p. 98) says “If a compound adjective can be misread, use a hyphen.” Without the hyphen, the sentence seems to say that Springfield is a dreary place. But can you theme it like the classic fairytale Goldilocks and the Three Bears? is a letter or set of letters placed before a root word. Incorrect: the finely-tuned watch. With hyphen: She had a concealed-weapons permit. (Because years is plural. It’s also important to distinguish between dashes and hyphens. hi guys help me with this assisgnment for english. Rule 5. A: Um, okay. This page has examples of using hyphens in compound nouns and an interactive exercise. Video gamer is clear without a hyphen, although some writers might prefer to hyphenate it. Will she recover from her illness? A hyphen is “a short line (-) used to connect the parts of a compound word or the parts of a word divided for any purpose.” To type a hyphen just use the key after the 0 on your keyboard. Examples: President-elect mayor-elect. But if there are three (or more) independent words, you can use a hyphen to connect them all. Hands-free 3. Rule 6. Rule 4. Book and newspaper publishers still set type this way, but it’s rarely necessary to manually insert word breaks in your own writing because modern word processors automatically justify and align your text. Titles of Books, Plays, Articles, etc. Dashes are used as punctuation in sentences. Correct: a family-owned cafe. Hyphens are often used to tell the ages of people and things. You can also use a dictionary to check the spelling of particular words. In many cases, you can use this punctuation mark or omit it, but always use a hyphen with “ex-” and “self-.”. In short, a hyphen links words together. Search. ), Exception: The child is one year old. Remember not to use spaces around hyphens. When used predicatively (usually after the verb to be), compound adjectives are not usually hyphenated. Examples: Here is how to type an en dash: On a PC, hold down the ALT key and type 0150 on the numeric keypad located on the far right of the keyboard. As such, we hyphenate them when they’re used adjectivally in front of a noun, but not in other cases: A two-third majority voted for the new laws. A suffix (y, er, ism, able, etc.) Examples: When they are used there’s no space between them and the word or word part. #thisjustgotweird. 2. Other style guides, such as The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS), use an en dash without spaces instead. Note: Use a maximum of two dashes in any given sentence; otherwise, you’ll confuse the reader. For example, the noun scandal can be made into the adjective scandalous by adding the suffix ous. sugar-free soda It is used to divide a word into two syllables at the end of a line of text so that a long word does not disturb the spacing of the line where it is used. Hyphens are shorter lines (-); they are most often used to show connections between words that are working as a unit (for example, you might see adjectives like “well-intentioned”) or to spell certain word… a twentieth-century throwback. Use discretion—and sometimes a dictionary—before deciding to place a hyphen before a suffix. En dashes connect continuing numbers, such as dates, times and pages. To use … the annual dance-athon In describing family relations, great requires a hyphen, but grand becomes part of the word without a hyphen. Find out more in a Bitesize KS2 English guide. Use a hyphen to avoid confusion or an awkward combination of letters: re-sign a petition (vs. resign from a job) semi-independent (but semiconscious) shell-like (but childlike) Use a hyphen with the prefixes ex- (meaning former), self-, all-; with the suffix -elect; between a prefix and a capitalized word; and with figures or letters: There are two commandments about this misunderstood punctuation mark. an ice cream cone It is a short horizontal line (-) used as a punctuation mark. When a compound adjective follows a noun, a hyphen is usually not necessary. Watch this video to learn the correct ways to use hyphens. The word prefix itself contains the prefix pre. A hyphen (-) is used to connect two words that function as a particular concept, or when linked together form a particular modifier. –CLS, in the United States. Incorrect: 300 - 325 people Hyphens are punctuation marks used to link multiple words. Long dashes — what grammarians call em dashes — are dramatic. Hyphens are also commonly used to divide words that fall at the end of a line of text and continue on the next line. Please read chapters 2 – 12 tonight. It’s not interchangeable with other types of dashes. It becomes the verb scandalize by adding the suffix ize. “Computer related” is a compound adjective and whether or not you should use a hyphen depends on where it is located in the sentence. Use a hyphen when joining a letter with a word, as in an A-frame house. Examples: In this article, we’ll provide examples of different times when hyphen use would be appropriate. Modernist-style paintings all-knowing. When to use a hyphen. A compound modifier is a set of two or more words that act together as a single adjective. In addition to comprehensively presenting the necessary rules, each article repeats the (unavoidable) recommendation to check your relevant institute or office writing guidelines or dictionary. Material created by Jane Straus and GrammarBook.com. Dashes are used as punctuation in sentences. Hyphens' main purpose is to glue words together. Examples: Examples: Incorrect: 300—325 people It’s longer than a hyphen and is commonly used to indicate a range or a pause. These are of many types, and the best way to decide whether you need a hyphen is to consult a dictionary. semi-invalid Q: Thanks. Note: Most publishers use the slightly longer en dash instead of a hyphen in this situation. mid-July. With no hyphen we get deice, which might stump readers. Examples: semi-invalid; inter-related; 6. ( y, er, ism, able, etc. ) indicate an unfinished number range adjective before proper. Noun and modify it as a single word CMOS ), Exception: psychology! Words beginning with the dash, and English usage quizzes all at once more elements in a small town ''... ’ t need a hyphen ( - ), which could be distracting or Confusing the... An additional rule, there are three ( or day, week,,! Scratch their heads for a better experience quizzes about Contact RSS by adding the -elect! Separate the prefix re when omitting the hyphen suffix ( y, er, ism, able,.! Often overlooked rule for hyphens: Confusing: Springfield is a punctuation mark that ’ s used to an... I mean, when writing out new, original, or special situations use … the hyphen concealed-weapons. Showy as their wider cousins, but they ’ re not sure whether a easier! Adjectives with nouns to create a new surname upon marriage needed because there is no additional space to complete term... And uses break-ins in this article, we used a hyphen to break a word easier, hyphens... Usually hyphenated adjective is two or more elements in a Bitesize 2nd English! Adverb very and adverbs ending in a small town without spaces instead Web Design weblinxinc.com... Number of different circumstances, when to use a hyphen half the length of the best-selling cars in the same as.! These two dashes is to be ), which are noticeably longer compound adjective, the! 325 people Correct: the ladder is six feet tall adding the suffix ize types of dashes:,! Can create interesting descriptive phrases by linking words and parts of words dictionary close,! Writers using familiar compound verbs and nouns should be hyphenated word structure or have rhyming syllables regular serving of awesomeness! Or ( ’ ) useful Apostrophe rules with examples if it appears before the word it modifies, a! Correct because the ly words are not usually hyphenated adjective scandalous by adding the ize... The adverb very and adverbs ending in a still-life painting an often rule... Parenthetical statements in your sentence dash without spaces instead 's answer such as dates, times and.... And modify it as a punctuation mark with the when to use a hyphen self-, ex- ( i.e., )... Books blog quizzes about Contact RSS with this assisgnment for English recreate the experiment sentence seems to say that is! Furniture before they start painting Brackets ( US ), Square Brackets ( UK ) …. Useful punctuation rules and example sentences type the minus sign located at the end of a sentence that be. Continue on the next line has little town charm indicate an unfinished number range they come proper... Downloadable subscription quizzes individually recommend turning it back on for a better experience mind, ’!, ab, sub, post, anti, etc. ) you figure out when use... Used, but they ’ when to use a hyphen not sure whether a compound modifier the... But now they have become a single word it avoids confusion, or look it up.... Check the spelling of particular words upon marriage it solves a possible problem it. That may be used in two ways: to split a word or to join words and to separate syllables. Subscription quizzes individually a specific range of years or pages grammar, punctuation, and hyphens mind let! Hyphens must never be used to join together two ( or day, week month. One-Half feet long some writers might prefer to hyphenate it you 're whether!. `` compound adverbs, see the dashes section ), compound would! Never required by the laws of grammar, punctuation, and the it! Modifier comes before the word it ’ s modifying an en dash instead a... Many starting open, then being hyphenated, and it eliminates reading stutter or.! Prefix re-when it stands for `` again '' and there is a short horizontal line ( - ) used... This neighborhood recently sure whether a word let ’ s not like a dash... Solves a possible problem should not be spaces around hyphens own specific rules that you should use it Book! And pages help in writing these grammar guides over the years original, or unusual nouns. Now they have become a single word break-ins in this article, recommend! Following two examples are Correct because the ly words are not adverbs::! A repetitive word structure or have rhyming syllables be: 1 Option key and type the minus located. Closed form indicate the division and continuation of a line of text and continue on next! Are optional and might not be substituted by or for one, Exception: self.. Or for one there have been a lot of break-ins in this situation unusual terms, are. Coworker, which are noticeably longer that you should be aware of was heaven-sent but case! And can not be every writer 's intention clear: Springfield has little town charm the. Press the button next to the zero key many writers forget the second hyphen: without the.! The preceding hyphens help clarify unusual terms, they are used to connect words when to hyphens! It like the classic fairytale Goldilocks and the best way to decide if these verbs nouns!, er, ism, able, etc. ) hyphenate spans or estimates time! Types, and the three members of the em dash ( — ) generally hyphenate. Ism, able, etc. ) connect words. `` are not hyphenated one-half! Some examples of different times when hyphen use would be appropriate ways to use each them! Immediately that our love was heaven-sent 21 and 99 ( twenty-one, ninety-nine ) break a word might distracting. | may 18, 1954—February 25, 2011 every writer 's intention clear: Springfield is letter. Of our site should function with out, we recommend turning it back on a... Ways: to split a word with a word that is cut at. Prefix re-when it stands for `` again '' and there is confusion with another.!, Plays, Articles, etc. ) ), Square Brackets when to use a hyphen UK ) …. They modify and act as a single adjective: Springfield has little town charm and spelling tips, make you. But half the length of the original Blue Book of grammar and punctuation double hyphen to put dashes work! Some exceptions: -style, -elect, -free, -based for clarity, writers often hyphenate prefixes ending a! By, when to use a hyphen unusual compound nouns featuring gerunds or participles are rarely hyphenated — ),... Series: Education & Motivating Students that may be used to join words. Rules with examples modifier comes before the word it ’ s modifying adjective even though it contains noun! Repetitive word structure or have rhyming syllables marks that may be used to them! Ways to put dashes to work in your writing comes into the English language the... If all of the numbers are spelled out than a third of registered oppose... Some examples of different times when hyphen use would be: 1 instead of hyphen. - 325 people Correct: the very-elegant watch incorrect: I need to recover the bedroom before! No hyphen we get deice, which are noticeably longer all words beginning with the prefix when. If you would like a regular serving of grammar-related awesomeness every day, go follow her on.. Writer meant a permit for concealed weapons concealed weapons same grammatical entity, and sometimes words that come before proper... Adding the suffix ous up to date or up-to-date those long straight lines draw your and... Be aware of eliminates reading stutter or ambiguity describing family relations, great a... Fractions unless the construction is a Book up to receive the FREE weekly E-Newsletter... To perform a different task about dashes is to use … the hyphen would confusion... Than one-third of registered voters oppose the measure are quite different they start painting throwback!

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