The property is included in a wider area that is designated in view of its protection by urban planning regulations, an area that also comprises several individually designated elements, from the Roman mining works, to the historic houses and two geological formations.

The more direct protection is granted by listing, with 50 elements within the property included in the Historic Monuments List. They comprise the archaeological site with a few particular sub-components, the historic centre of the mining town, the Roman mines in Mt. Cârnic, houses and churches. Several other components are currently being assessed for listing, among them the header ponds of the extensive hydro-technical system.

Under this protection framework, the responsibilities fall with the municipality, in respect to the protection through urban planning measures, and with the respective owners, when it comes to listed properties.

According to the law, once a nomination is submitted, all provisions in place for World Heritage sites will apply to the respective property as well. These include the management system designed to protect all World Heritage properties in Romania. Roșia Montană will benefit from these provisions with the submission of the nomination file to UNESCO. Until then, heritage authorities in Romania are preparing new forms of management for such multi-governance sites and landscapes uniting different heritage typologies that will integrate local partnerships and programmes in which relevant players come together to achieve each management goal.